Cloves or Lwang (ल्वाङ्ग) are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum. They are native to the Maluku Islands (or Moluccas) in Indonesia, and are commonly used as a spice. Cloves are available throughout the year due to different harvest seasons in different countries.
The clove tree is an evergreen that grows up to 8–12 metres (26–39 ft) tall, with large leaves and crimson flowers grouped in terminal clusters. The flower buds initially have a pale hue, gradually turn green, then transition to a bright red when ready for harvest. Cloves are harvested at 1.5–2 centimetres (0.59–0.79 in) long, and consist of a long calyx that terminates in four spreading sepals, and four unopened petals that form a small central ball.
Soil and climate
Humid tropical climate with an annual rainfall of 150 – 250 cm and a mean temperature range of 20°C to 30°C and elevation up to 1000 m are suitable. Deep rich loams with high humus content and laterite soils are the best suited for clove cultivation.
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